Self-assembly and programmable materials

Today we would like to explain what are self-assembly materials and the programmable materials and we are going to do it through some videos…

Is it possible to make bend something without using a motor?

What it is in the video it is programmed carbon fiber that bends when heat or electricicy is applied. This technology avoids the use of mechanical actuators and avoids the electronics, sensors and actuators complexity necessary in common applications.

Could we give shape to the car flaps without using a press?

Or even, change the shape while driving to enhance aerodynamics?

This video shows how it is possible to manufacture bigger programmed materials that response in the same way. This case is a common project of MIT, Briggs Automotive Company (BAC), Carbitex LLC y Autodesk Inc. and aims to show how aerodynamics change from heat.

Is it possible in wood?

This wood has been printed from wood powder and it can be formed and shaped. It overcomes the traditional difficulties to bend wood. Thanks to this technique it is possible to have wood that adapt to environmental conditions or even to form complex shapes.

And what about not having to assemble a furniture because it auto assemble?

Following the same philosophy of programmable materials we found the ‘programmable table’ that was presented in the 2015 Fuori Salone del Mobile in Milan. This table flattens and assembles in a second thanks to an embedded pre-stressed textile to self-transform in precise and predictable ways

Finally, we bring an example of a self-assembly material in what a 4D assemblying process would be.

This experiment show how a number of components of a chair are relased into a tank of turbulent water. Each of the components is completely unique from one another and has a precise location in the final structure. The process was filmed over 7 hours (we hope this times decrease after the succesive optimizations!), after which a full assembled, precise chair was created. This work field opens new possibilities in factories assembly lines of all types, from furniture to electronic components.

Source: Self-assembly lab, MIT

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